How American Football Got Started

Football points can be scored in many different ways, including catching a pass over the goal line, carrying the ball over the goal line, tackling a football player in his own end zone, or a kicker kicking the football through the goal posts on the opposing side. The football team with the highest score when the game is over is the team that wins the game. American football is also played in other countries outside the United States. Their are National football leagues that are in Sweden, Isreal, Germany, Japan, United Kingdom as well as Mexico, and a few that are in Pacific Island nations. The NFL had a developmental league in Europe from 91-92 and 95-06.

American football history can be found in the early versions of soccer and rugby. Both types of games have origins in different types of football that was played in the UK from the mid 19th century, in which the ball was run over a line or the ball was kicked at the goal. American football as well as soccer is played with 22 players on the field that they play on. Some terms from player positions from soccer are used today in American football such as fullback and halfback.

Rugby and American football do have a few major differences, some of the rule changes were started by Walter Camp who people would call the Father of American Football. Some of the Major changes that Walter Camp made were down and distance and line of scrimmage as well as the rule of down and distance. College coaches like Glen Pop Warner, Amos Alonzo Stagg and Knute Rockne in the late 19th and 20th centuries changed the gameplay by intoducing the forward pass. College football grew in popularity and was the dominant version of football for the first part of the 20th century. College football had a huge national audiences with the football Bowl games. College football had big rivalries as it does today in the United States.

From the year 1892 the origin of professional football can be traced back to, with a $500 contract to play football William “Pudge Heffelfinger played football for the Allegheny Athletic Association playing against the Pittsburgh Athletic Club. The american Professional Football started in 1920. The first football game was played in 1920 in Dayton, Ohio on the 3rd of October with the Triangles winning the game by a score of 14-10 against the Columbus Panhandles. Two years later the football league changed the name to National Football League which is known as the NFL and would become the major league of American football. Professional football eventually became a national phenomenon after starting out the sport in the US industrial towns and Midwestern towns. Football after it’s NFL Championship Game in 1958 grew in popularity, the game that was known as the “Greatest Game Ever Played. The American Football League also known as the AFL started in 1960 a rival football league to the National Football League, with the pressure it put between the two football leagues before the merger of the two leagues is how the start of the Super Bowl game began. The Super Bowl turned out to be the most watched television event each and every year in the United States.



Source by Rich Stephenson

American Football: Brief History

American football is really an interesting and amazing sport that epitomizes human spirit, competitiveness, and endurance to win. Only 60 nations has adopted this sport as a national sport, but past records suggest people have been playing this sport since ancient times. Ancient Greeks and Romans used this sport to train their warriors. It is believed that Chinese are playing football for 3000 years. However, the modern day football started from England.

History

American football owes its origin to rugby, that originated from the earlier types of football played in England. Americans began to play football since 19th Century. However, the game was played without any set of rules. Different versions of football were played in different colleges. For instance, the players used their fists first in order to get the ball, and then their feet to get the ball past the opponent. On the other hand, a game much like football was played at Harvard on the 1st Monday of the beginning of the school year.

Origin

After the American Civil War was ended in 1865, the American football got to see a new dawn. The popularity of this sport started to rise in colleges and campuses, and certain rules for the game started to emerge too. Princeton laid down the rules for its team for the first time in 1867. According to that rule only 25 footballers were allowed to be in a team. The game got patented in the same year. Princeton and Rutgers played the first intercollegiate football in the year 1869. In 1873, Yale, Columbia, Rutgers and Princeton formed the intercollegiate Football Association (IFA).

However, the American football saw its transaction from the rugby style to the modern day style, stared with the determinations of Walter Camp who is known as the Father of American Football. Camp was a coach at Yale and also a member of the IFA. He played great role to lay down the size of football field as 110 yards, and also reduce the number of players in each team from 15 to 11. He even introduced the line of scrimmage rules and the systems of downs. He standardized the system of scoring and introduced neutral zone, penalties, interference, and the safety.

The sport was still intensely physical though new rules and regulations were introduced. A big number of colleges had banned this sport by the early 20th century. The intense collision that used to take place in this game caused severe injuries and even deaths. The numbers of casualties from the sport were so high that the president, Theodore Roosevelt, declared to ban the sport unless the rules and regulations were reformed. As a result 62 schools met on December 1905 to make changes on the rules of American Football. The association disallowed the locking of arms and mass formations. The duration of the game was reduced to 60 minutes from 70 minutes. An open style of play to the game was introduced when the forward pass was legalized. Further innovations and changes made by legendary football coaches, like Eddie Cochems, Pop Warner and Knute Rockne, introduced skills and techniques to the game that was once characterized by players’ physical strength.



Source by Shyam Dangol